REST is an architectural style of communication, based on HTTP. It was proposed in the year 2000 by Roy Fielding. In his dissertation he describes the way systems should communicate, embracing fundamental features of HTTP. He puts emphasis on: statelessness, support for caching, uniform representation and self-discoverability. APIs that adhere to these priniciples are called RESTful. This academic paper is quite abstract so I’ll focus on what it means in the enterprise. Also, it’s much easier to understand what RESTful API is when contrasted to SOAP. And GraphQL released recently.
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